Tips To Survive A Fire
Fire spreads quickly leaving no time to gather valuables or make a phone call. In just two minutes a fire can become life threatening. In five minutes, a home can be engulfed in flames.
Heat and smoke from fire can be more dangerous than the flames. Inhaling the hot air can sear your lungs, and the fire’s poisonous gases can make you disoriented.
During a Fire
- Use water or a fire extinguisher to put out small fires. If you are unsure if you can control it, evacuate, and call the fire department from a nearby phone.
- If other people are in the house, warn them by yelling, “fire, go outside.”
- Never use water on an electrical fire.
- Smother oil and grease fires in the kitchen with baking soda, salt, or cover with a lid if it is burning in a pan.
- If escaping through a closed door, use the back of your hand to feel the top of the door and the frame. Never use your palm of fingers to test for heat since burning those areas could impair your ability to escape.
- If you must exit through smoke, crawl low under the smoke to your exit.
- Close doors behind you as you escape to delay the spread of fire.
- If smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with doors closed. Place a wet towel under the door and call the fire department or 9-1-1. Open a window and wave a brightly colored cloth or flashlight to signal for help.
After A Fire
- Give first aid where needed. Cool and cover burns to reduce chance of further injury or infection.
- Do not enter fire-damaged buildings without permission from authorities.
- If you shut off the main gas line, allow a gas company representative to turn it on again.
Before A Fire
The best way to remain safe is to learn what to do before you are faced with a fire in your home. Create a plan with your family that includes learning the tips above, practice escape routes, and set a place to meet outside your home during a fire. Have a fire extinguisher in your kitchen where it is easily accessed and learn how to use it before you need it. Remember, being prepared saves lives.